नैव राज्यं न राजाऽऽसीत्

नैव राज्यं न राजाऽऽसीत् न दण्डो न च दाण्डिकः।
धर्मेणैव प्रजाः सर्वा रक्षन्ति च परस्परम्॥१२-५९-१४॥
—महाभारते शान्तिपर्वणि ५९-१४
naiva rājyaṁ na rājā”sīt na daṇḍo na ca dāṇḍikaḥ|
dharmeṇaiva prajāḥ sarvā rakṣanti ca parasparam||12-59-14||
—mahābhārate śāntiparvaṇi 59-14
[At first] there was no sovereignty, no king, no chastisement, and no chastiser.
All men used to protect one another righteously, by dharma.
This may be construed as the description of an ideal kingdom. Bhīṣma said this to Yudhiṣṭhira when he [Yudhiṣṭhira] inquired about how kings and kingship came into being. This is verily the description of the Kṛta age, where sovereignty first began.
Ganguli translation of Mahābhārata, Chapter 12 (Śānti Parva)


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