अपृष्टस्तस्य तद्ब्रूयात्

शुभं वा यदि वा पापं द्वेष्यं वा यदि वा प्रियम्।
अपृष्टस्तस्य तद्ब्रूयाद्यस्य नेच्छेत् पराभवम्॥५-३४-०४॥
–विदुरनीतिः श्रीमद्महाभारते उद्योगपर्वणि चतुर्त्रिंशोऽध्यायः
śubhaṁ vā yadi vā pāpaṁ dveṣyaṁ vā yadi vā priyam|
apṛṣṭastasya tadbrūyādyasya necchet parābhavam||5-34-04||
–viduranītiḥ (śrīmadmahābhārate udyogaparvaṇi caturtriṁśo’dhyāyaḥ)

Be it good or bad, or pleasant or unpleasant.
Unasked should that [truth] be spoken to the person whose downfall is not wished
i.e. The well-wishers of a person should always advise the person unasked, and tell them the truth, whether or not its agreeable!

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साक्षाद्धर्मस्य लक्षणम्

वेदः स्मृतिः सदाचारः स्वस्य च प्रियमात्मनः।
एतच्चतुर्विधं प्राहुः साक्षाद्धर्मस्य लक्षणम्॥
vedaḥ smṛtiḥ sadācāraḥ svasya ca priyamātmanaḥ|
etaccaturvidhaṁ prāhuḥ sākṣāddharmasya lakṣaṇam||
The Vedas, the Smritis (authoritative texts on Dharma, like Manusmriti etc), good practices/conduct (as practised by the learned, elders), the happiness of one’s own mind.
These four are said to be the characteristics of Dharma.

[Adapted from the excellent blog @ http://samskrute.blogspot.com/2009/03/13.html%5D

नरकं न पश्येत्

अश्वत्थमेकं पिचुमन्दमेकं न्यग्रोधमेकं दश चिञ्चिणीकाः।
कपित्थबिल्वामलकत्रयं च पञ्चाम्रनाली नरकं न पश्येत्॥
aśvatthamekaṁ picumandamekaṁ nyagrodhamekaṁ daśa ciñciṇīkāḥ |
kapitthabilvāmalakatrayaṁ ca pañcāmranālī narakaṁ na paśyet ||

One who plants one pippala tree (Ficus religiosa), one neem tree (Azadirachta indica), one banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), ten tamarind trees (Tamarindus indica).
Three trees each of  wood apple (Feronia elephantum) bilva (Aegle marmelos), amla (Emblic myrobalans) and five mango trees (Mangifera indica), does not see Naraka!

[And all we do now is deforestation!]

कर्तव्यो धर्मसङ्ग्रहः

अनित्यानि शरीराणि वैभवं न वा शाश्वतम्।
नित्यसन्निहितो मृत्युः कर्तव्यो धर्मसङ्ग्रहः॥
anityāni śarīrāṇi vaibhavaṁ na vā śāśvatam|
nityasannihito mṛtyuḥ kartavyo dharmasaṅgrahaḥ||
The body is impermanent; nor are the material pleasures permanent.
Death is ever-imminent; therefore, one must always follow dharma

मृतैः सम्प्राप्यते स्वर्गो

मृतैः सम्प्राप्यते स्वर्गो जीवद्भिः कीर्तिरुत्तमा।
तदुभावपि शूराणां गुणावेतौ सुदुर्लभौ॥३३३॥
— मित्रभेदः नाम प्रथमे तन्त्रे मदोत्कट-सिंह कथा ११
mṛtaiḥ samprāpyate svargo jīvadbhiḥ kīrtiruttamā|
tadubhāvapi śūrāṇāṁ guṇāvetau sudurlabhau||333||
— mitrabhedaḥ nāma prathame tantre madotkaṭa-siṁha kathā 11
By those who die, heaven is attained; by those who live, the utmost glory is obtained.
Both of these are great and extremely rare qualities, found in the very brave!

I feel compelled to quote Lord Shri Krishna’s verses in the second chapter of श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता—
यदृच्छया चोपपन्नं स्वर्गद्वारमपावृतम्।
सुखिनः क्षत्रियाः पार्थ लभन्ते युद्धमीदृशम्॥ २-३२॥
yadṛcchayā copapannaṁ svargadvāramapāvṛtam|
sukhinaḥ kṣatriyāḥ pārtha labhante yuddhamīdṛśam || 2-32||
O Partha, Arjuna, lucky [indeed] are the Kshatriyas who get such an unsolicited opportunity for war; which opens the doors to heaven.
हतो वा प्राप्स्यसि स्वर्गं जित्वा वा भोक्ष्यसे महीम्।
तस्मादुत्तिष्ठ कौन्तेय युद्धाय कृतनिश्चयः॥ २-३७॥
hato vā prāpsyasi svargaṁ jitvā vā bhokṣyase mahīm|
tasmāduttiṣṭha kaunteya yuddhāya kṛtaniścayaḥ || 2-37||
Die, and you will win heaven; conquer, and you enjoy sovereignty of the earth; therefore, stand up, O son of Kunti, determined to fight.

गृहीत इव केशेषु मृत्युना

अजरामरवत् प्राज्ञो विद्यामर्थं च साधयेत्।
गृहीत इव केशेषु मृत्युना धर्मम् आचरेत्॥
ajarāmaravat prājño vidyāmarthaṁ ca sādhayet|
gṛhīta iva keśeṣu mṛtyunā dharmam ācaret||
The learned should acquire knowledge and wealth, as though there is no death or old age.
But, they should follow dharma as though, they have been gripped by Death by the hair!

गवार्थे ब्राह्मणार्थे च

गवार्थे ब्राह्मणार्थे च प्राणत्यागं करोति यः।
सूर्यस्य मण्डलं भित्त्वा स याति परमां गतिम्॥४५३॥
—मित्रभेदः नाम प्रथमे तन्त्रे कथा २३
gavārthe brāhmaṇārthe ca prāṇatyāgaṁ karoti yaḥ|
sūryasya maṇḍalaṁ bhittvā sa yāti paramāṁ gatim||453||
—mitrabhedaḥ nāma prathame tantre kathā 23
For the sake of a cow, or for a brāhmaṇa, One who sacrifices his life.
Having attained the realm of the Sun God, he attains the highest state!

Cf. this with the oft-(mis?)quoted statement of Mahatma Gandhiji, that in self-defence, you can even kill a cow (it is ugly to even type this) that comes to kill you. Cows are among the most sāttvic creatures, and unless brutally provoked, I can’t see why they would turn violent. Of course, they can turn mad, if fed with slaughterhouse waste. Rāmāāāāāāā!!

Isn’t there a limit to how much man can play with nature?