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Category Archives: शीलम्

दुर्मन्त्रान्नृपतिर्विनश्यति

दुर्मन्त्रान्नृपतिर्विनश्यति यतिः सङ्गात् सुतो लालसात्
विप्रोऽनध्ययनात् कुलं कुतनयाच्छीलं खलोपासनात्।
मैत्री चाप्रणयात् समृद्धिरनयात् स्नेहः प्रवासाश्रयात्
स्त्री गर्वादनवेक्षणादपि कृषिस्त्यागात् प्रमादाद्धनम्॥१८०॥
—मित्रभेदः नाम प्रथमे तन्त्रे देवशर्मा-परिव्राजक कथा ४
durmantrānnṛpatirvinaśyati yatiḥ saṅgāt suto lālasāt
vipro’nadhyayanāt kulaṁ kutanayācchīlaṁ khalopāsanāt|
maitrī cāpraṇayāt samṛddhiranayāt snehaḥ pravāsāśrayāt
strī garvādanavekṣaṇādapi kṛṣistyāgāt pramādāddhanam||180||
—mitrabhedaḥ nāma prathame tantre devaśarmā-parivrājaka kathā 4
A king is ruined by bad advice; an ascetic, by company; a child by pampering;
A brāhmaṇa by lack of learning; a noble family by evil sons; virtuous conduct by serving the base;
Friendship from want of regard; investment by mismanagement; affection from long absence/separation;
And a woman by pride; a farm, from neglect; wealth, through misdirected charity

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ऐश्वरस्य विभूषणं सुजनता

ऐश्वरस्य विभूषणं सुजनता शौर्यस्य वाक्संयमः
ज्ञानस्योपशमः श्रुतस्य विनयो वित्तस्य पात्रे व्ययः।
अक्रोधः तपसः क्षमा प्रभवितुः धर्मस्य निर्व्याजता
सर्वेषामपि सर्वकारणमिदं शीलं परं भूषणम्‌॥
aiśvarasya vibhūṣaṇaṁ sujanatā śauryasya vāksaṁyamaḥ
jñānasyopaśamaḥ śrutasya vinayo vittasya pātre vyayaḥ |
akrodhaḥ tapasaḥ kṣamā prabhavituḥ dharmasya nirvyājatā
sarveṣāmapi sarvakāraṇamidaṁ śīlaṁ paraṁ bhūṣaṇam ||
Nobility is the ornament of greatness; restraint over speech, of courage;
Calmness, of knowledge; obedience, of learning; wise spending of wealth;
Control of one’s anger, of penance; patience, of efficiency, straight-forwardness, of dharma;
Good character is the base for all the above qualities and is the greatest ornament of all.

यथा हि मलिनैः वस्त्रैः

यथा हि मलिनैः वस्त्रैः यत्र कुत्रोपविष्यते।
वृत्ततः चलितोऽप्येवं शेषं वृत्तं न रक्षति॥
yathā hi malinaiḥ vastraiḥ yatra kutropaviṣyate|
vṛttataḥ calito’pyevaṁ śeṣaṁ vṛttaṁ na rakṣati||
As a person with dirty cloth does not hesitate to sit anywhere,
A person whose character has spoiled, does not retain his remnant good conduct.

Well, I picked this up from somewhere, but can’t imagine how true this is. This statement may be a bit gross, but if you look at smaller levels, it’s so true. It’s always the first time you make a mistake that counts a lot. Till then, you are extraordinarily careful. After that, complacency sets in and the compromises begin. It’s like the new year resolution lasts only till you break it first. It’s only occassionally that the first break was a one-off event and that things continue as before thereafter. Therefore, one must really put an effort to [indefinitely] postpone the first compromise!

शीलं परं भूषणम्‌

ऐश्वरस्य विभूषणं सुजनता शौर्यस्य वाक्संयमः
ज्ञानस्योपशमः श्रुतस्य विनयो वित्तस्य पात्रे व्ययः।
अक्रोधः तपसः क्षमा प्रभवितुः धर्मस्य निर्व्याजता
सर्वेषामपि सर्वकारणमिदं शीलं परं भूषणम्‌॥
The ornament of greatness is nobility; of courage, restraint over speech;
Of knowledge, calmness; of learning, obedience/humility ; of wealth, wise spending;
Control of one’s anger, of penance; patience/forgiveness, of efficiency; of dharma, straight forwardness;
The base for all the [above] qualities is good conduct/character, [which] is the greatest of all ornaments.

अभ्यासाद्धार्यते विद्या

अभ्यासाद्धार्यते विद्या कुलं शीलेन धार्यते।
गुणैर्मित्राणि धार्यन्ते अक्ष्णा क्रोधश्च धार्यते॥
abhyāsāddhāryate vidyā kulaṁ śīlena dhāryate|
guṇairmitrāṇi dhāryante akṣṇā krodhaśca dhāryate||
Knowledge is retained by constant practice; a family is held together by virtuous conduct; friendship is kept by good qualities; anger is evident from the knitting of the eyebrows.

शीलपरीक्षा धनक्षये

आपदि मित्रपरीक्षा शूरपरीक्षा रणाङ्गणे।
विनये वंशपरीक्षा शीलपरीक्षा धनक्षये॥
āpadi mitraparīkṣā śūraparīkṣā raṇāṅgaṇe|
vinaye vaṁśaparīkṣā śīlaparīkṣā dhanakṣaye||

"A friend's test is in calamity; the test of a valiant person is on the battlefield.
The test of a family is in its humility and the test of one's character is in poverty."

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